High blood pressure can be frequently found among the factors that increase the risk of certain diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases and strokes. Having in mind that the statistical data show that heart diseases and strokes are among the leading causes of death around the word, and especially in developed countries, we all need to know what causes high blood pressure and how to keep it under control. In this article, you can learn what the main reasons of high blood pressure are and how to control this condition.
What causes high blood pressure?
The blood pressure can be defined as the measure of the force with which the blood exerts pressure on the walls of the blood vessels. In normal conditions, the heart pumps blood through the blood vessels, which transport and feed blood to all parts of the human body. The normal blood pressure is estimated on the values of 80 and 120 (the higher value is for the systolic blood pressure and the lower value is for the diastolic blood pressure). In case of high blood pressure (which is also called hypertension) the heart pumps blood faster and works harder, which leads to deposition of “plaques“, causing arteriosclerosis which is among the main reasons for heart failure. Doctors and scientists are still not sure about what exactly causes high blood pressure, but they have established several causes that contribute to high blood pressure, such as obesity, smoking, stress, age, poor physical activity, kidney disease, genetics, high and frequent consumption of alcohol, eating extremely salty foods etc. Based on the risk factors, there are different manners in which you could prevent and treat high blood pressure.